来源：网络 2020-11-19 09:27:54
考古学教授答应帮学生的Graduate School Application写推荐信，可是学生查邮箱没有收到，下周立马有一所学校申请截止，因而焦急的找assistant问详情。这位教授期末有书稿截止、并且安排去澳大利亚沙漠实地研究，虽然她一贯行事缜密(on top of everything)，可这件事确实疏忽了。Assistant答应给教授邮件联系，确保推荐信不耽误以后的学校，且主张学生另找其余教授，以防万一。
学生过来跟教授讨论关于short paper与long paper两个的内容把握，关于Benjamin Franklin这一个多才多艺的人物，到底细节添加把握到什么程度。
Unlike other planets with craters all over its su*ce, the su*ce of this planet is crater free, which indicates internal activities. Its southern polar has those cracks referred to by scientists as the “tiger stripes”. This region lets out vents of vapor and is high in temperature.
There are several explanations for the high temperature. The first being radioactive elements emitting the heat causing it to re*in warm, but considering the size of this planet, it could not have contained enough radioactive *terials within to sustain the high temperature. The second being the gravitational pull and the force from the planet creates the friction, but according to calculation, it is still not quite enough, still 5% off.
This discussion is valuable for astrological exploit, because it is more likely to contain extraterrestrial life than Europa and Mars.
Andy Warhol——The artist that challenges the authenticity of art.
Unlike other artists who work in studios, he creates painting in factories *inly using silk-screening to *ss-produce *ny pages of the same paintings.
The argument lies in, if his factory workers *ke the paintings, and Warhol only signed them as the last procedure, is it really him that created the painting?
Student 1: Like teachers leave painting assignments in class, every students hand in pieces of flowers, the teachers cannot sign the copy can call it his own.
Student 2: Like Renaissance workshop, apprentices do part of the work according to the artists instruction, the artist signed the painting. It is still legiti*te for Warhol to be the owner of those art, because he contributes the notion.
Professor: It is worth discussion, and re*ins to be seen,
Fe*le Mule Deer respond to fawn’s cry even though the fawn is not her own, for its cause there are several explanations:
Recognizable error, the mule deer cannot tell the difference between the cry of her own fawn and other fawn. Not likely.Experiment: when a fe*le mule deer’s fawn is right in from her, when she hears the cry in the microphone, she will also rush there immediately;
Bedded Fawn Theory, because their fawn is lying in the burrow, so they are concerned when they hear the cry.Not true.The deer with bedded fawn and the deer with active fawn (fawn standing outside) reacted the same when hearing cry, no difference in intensity.
Reciprocal altrui*, expecting other mule deer would do the same for their fawn.
Talk about an interesting activity you recently participated in. Did everyone involved enjoy the activity? Give details and examples in your response.
An interesting school activity I recently participated in was volunteer teaching. We went to a s*ll, under-developed village that’s far from the city. Students from my school split into groups to teach the kids different classes. I was assigned to teach them English. I taught them some basic greeting skills that they thought was fun. During class breaks, all of us gathered outside to play sports of our choice. Some kicked around a soccer ball, some played the badminton and some played pingpong. Everyone had a blast. Everyone had a blast. I would love to visit the school again soon because everyone had a good time.
Do you agree or disagree with the statement that parents are the best teacher for children? Give specific reasons and details in your response.
I agree with the statement that parents are the best teacher for children for the following reasons. First, parents are all we have to learn from when we were young. When a baby is born, first thing he understands is his parent. We slowly learn to talk, walk, run, count and read with the help of parents. We need support, comfort and encouragement. And all of it is provided by our parents. Second, everyday parents slowly and unknowingly teach their kid how to survive in this world. And when the child grows up, he accomplished all the survival task and try to apply in his life. Sometimes he fails and sometimes he passes. Day by day he builds up the confidence in him.
In the reading passage, we get to know that a student recommends the school to create a study lounge at the Hu*nities Building. The *n agrees with the acquirement because first, most of their classes take place in this building. It takes 10 minutes to get to the library and 10 minutes to get back, but they only have a 30-minute-interval between classes. With this study lounge, they could do some meaningful things. Besides, student would have somewhere to discuss right after the class about the content that covered in the class. Like last time, during the Shakespeare course, he wanted to discuss Hamlet with his class*te. But they had nowhere to go, so they actually stood in the cold while talking, which was really inconvenient.
Backward Framing means that consumer’s opinion about a product is altered after-the-fact by advertisement, which means that the advertisement could exert positive effect on consumers. The professor gives an example to illustrate the term. Volunteers were asked to taste a gourmet coffee. But the researchers had added some salt and vinegar into it so they were certain that the coffee wouldn’t taste good. After that, they showed these volunteers some advertisement of this coffee, in which people were enjoying the coffee and having a good time. At last, when asked how they would describe the coffee, people said it was “delicious” and they “liked it”.
The girl has encountered a problem that he has a painting due next week, but the painting is so big, that he has run out of the specific kind of paint he uses. He faces two solutions. The first is to take the bus to the store where he originally bought the paint. Personally, I recommend the second solution. Because first, it takes only 1 day to get the paint he needs, so he will have enough time to finish his painting. And second, online shopping can’t guarantee the quality of the pigments he want, so the latter is better.
*0’s之前，美国尚未经历City Beautiful Movement，除却极个别的Washington D.C，当时的城市规划的特点是——no urban planning.
影响美国人民住址选定的几个因素首要为：economics，preference to live individually, etc.
Topic: Honeybees Juvenile Hormone
在蜜蜂种群当中，依据年龄的不一样，承担不一样的任务，这样的现象称之为“age polythei*”。例如，年幼的蜜蜂，通常在蜂巢工作，feed the queen and pupae;年长一点的蜜蜂，负责找食物(forage)与存储食物。分工不一样的详细解释为，特定举动的频率会比较高，而并非彻底add or eliminate to the total number of the tasks they perform(此处考点)。
研究表明，如此的分工，首要是因为蜜蜂当中一种叫做Juvenile Hormone的物质进行控制。Juvenile Hormone随着蜜蜂年龄的增长，分泌的速率提升，JH*蜜蜂大脑当中叫做mushroom区域逐渐增大，导致行为的不一样。
Gilbert Walker研究太平洋东岸与西岸气压发现了“跷跷板效应(Seesaw Effect)”，东岸气压高，则西岸气压低;反之亦然，该现象与厄尔尼诺有着千丝万缕的关系，因而合称——El Niño-Southern Oscillation。
2.wall 由multiple entranceways构成，而通常的防御建筑只有一个出口与入口
2.这些ways是用来contact，因为site在large area，并且 这些通道很窄
Reading: prehistoric defensive constructions (forts) in Andes are unusual
in some places, walls are absent, *king them vulnerable to attack;
they have multiple entranceways, while nor*lly other forts have 1 or 2 gates only;
lack of space to store enough water
The places that don’t have walls because they are naturally defended by cliffs or steep mountains;
Entranceways all face clear open space with great visibility, people in the forts could easily spot potential attackers, to block the gate and get prepared;
Andes region is dry, without enough food and water for the army, they wouldn’t choose to surround the forts and wait till they surrender. If the fort could withstand the initial attack, it could survive.
Should governments spend money on scientific research even if it has no practical value?