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托福写作题目 审错就没救了

来源:网络 2020-08-01 12:35:53

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若想拿到理想的托福写作成绩,首先,同学就须要将题目审对!于此,本文,教育小编给大伙打算了托福独立写作审题误区的资讯,希冀能够引起各位的关注!在此,天小道先预祝考生们都能拿到优秀的托福作文分数!

审题,是写作的第一步,却经常被大伙所忽略。有太多考生只着眼于怎样写出漂亮的句子与高级的词汇,而没有搞清写作的本质--考察学生针对某一话题进行准确连贯表述的本领。这亦是为什么许多同学虽然英语不弱,在托福写作的独立部分中却只能拿到 fair或 good 当中较低的4分。那么,托福独立写作中常见的审题无趣有那些呐?在接下来的文章中,小编将通过列举以往考过的真题进行解析,告诉大伙怎样审题,换句话说,怎样使高分变得更加achievable。希冀以后的内容能够帮助大伙提高托福作文的成绩!

同学考写作考了这么多年,大多数出题的形式都已烂熟于心,看到题目以后觉得熟悉于是兴冲冲提笔就写,其实,这样的看似"熟练"的表象下藏着巨大得隐患--同学很有有可能因为看得太快而忽略某个决定题目意思的关键词。例如:

例1:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Advertising is the only *in cause for people´s unhealthy eating habits.

看到这一个题目,同学立刻会开始想,有没有other reasons for unhealthy habits,想出三条如:1. People´s tight schedules do not allow them to eat at regular hours; 2. Sometimes people are eager to lose weight or to keep fit so that they go on "endless *ts"; 3. Bearing heavy burden both physically and mentally, some consider eating constantly as their most effective stress reliever. 综上所述,advertising is not the only cause.

这一个写法看起来特别完备,可其实犯了一个不起眼却严重的错误--题目不是要大伙证明it is not the only cause,而是要大伙去证明it is not the only *in cause。多一个"*in",意思是很不一样的。假如大伙只须要证明it is not the only cause,那么找出other causes即可即例1中的写法。可是,假如大伙要证明it is not the only *in cause,就须要证明other causes that we mentioned are also *in causes,这就须要在每一段中加上一部分专门的说明。或,更简单的办法是去证明advertising is not even a cause, 直接在每段的末尾加上advertising与该段所论述的unhealthy eating habit无关的论述即可。If it is not a cause, how can it be the only*in cause? 这一个样子一来,就不用通过证明还包含其余*in cause来反驳了,事实上,证明某种cause是*in cause或者是挺有难度的,因而笔者推荐同学用后一种方法进行论述。因而,文章或者是disagree,而三段的主题句分别应当是:1、1. People´s tight schedules do not allow them to eat at regular hours, and it is obvious that they are too busy to be influenced by advertising; 2. Sometimes people are eager to lose weight or to keep fit so that they go on "endless *ts", and this is more like a result of hu*n nature, the pursuit of beauty, but not advertising; 3. Bearing heavy burden both physically and mentally, some consider eating constantly as their most effective stress reliever, and it is quite clear that no advertising encourages them to do so.

例2:Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Colleges and universities should offer more preparation for student before they start working.

看到这一个题目,许多同学会有可能会这一个样子写:Agree. 1. Students should take morespecializedcourses(专业课)in order to be knowledgeable and skillful enough for their future careers(接着开始论述being knowledgeable and skillful的重要性); 2.Participating in internships helps students to have a clearer picture of their vocational development in the future(接着开始论述,假如没有实过习,在工作的时候是多么地feel so unprepared); 3. Attending more club activities is an effective way to improve social skills, which are crucial for success both in life and at work(接着开始论述good social skills对职业与生活的帮助).假如不看括号里的内容,仅看主题句,这篇文章是没有任何疑问的。然而,括号中的论述从严格意义上来讲,是不能支持"more"这一个关键词的。举个简单的例子:"大伙须要钱"与"大伙须要更多钱"在证明的时候重点是不一样的。假如证明"大伙须要钱",应当详细

阐述钱的"不可或缺性",例如生活、学习、教育都须要钱;可是假如证明"大伙须要更多钱",重点则应当放在"钱不够"的论述上,证明在学习、生活、教育方面的预算都很紧张。同样地,上面的题目中仅仅证明Knowledge for careers, field experience and social skills are important是不够的,事实上,这些根本不须要证明,须要证明的事情是graduates today are not well prepared in the three aspects. 因而这篇文章应当是一篇"抱怨型"的文章,详细地去论述学校工作的不足。参考思路如下:Agree. 1. Many students today complain that they cannot learn practical skills and up-to-date infor*tion, for some of their teachers are not qualified enough to teach specialized courses; 2. Since *ny students are not allowed enough time to participate in internship programs before graduation, they know very little about what their future jobs like; 3. Joining clubs is possible for every college student, yet not every club provide is capable of offering enough opportunities for students to practice their social skills.

同学在写文章的时候一定要注意,学术论文写作不是句型与辞藻的堆砌,整篇文章一定是一个well-organized system,这一个system中很重要的原则之二是--

1、每一个中间段的topic sentence是用来支持*in idea的;

2、topic sentence后面的每句话全是用来支持该topic sentence的。在上面的两个例子中,大伙会发现例1的错误首要是*in idea没有很好地被topic sentence支持;而例2的错误在于topic sentence虽然看起来是支持*in idea的,可是论述的内容有可能跟关键词"more"无关,从而不能有力地支持topic sentences。这些错误的起因,则是对题干中关键词的忽略。

在上面的文章中,小编首要就托福独立写作审题误区,给同学带来了简单的介绍,希冀能够给托福写作备考生们提供一部分帮助!好啦,今天的资讯,是这一个样子,很后预祝各位都能创作出优秀的托福作文!

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