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雅思口语之和美国人交谈需要知道的事

来源:网络 2020-03-24 08:32:37

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Speaking English is not only about using proper gram*r. To use English effectively, you need to understand the culture in which it is spoken. Here are a number of important tips to remember when speaking English in the United States.

说英语不仅仅要语*确。想要有效的使用英语,你须要了解语言使用国的文化。假如你在美国说英语,那么下面这些注意事项是你应当了解的。

General Points to Remember

你须要记住的是:

* Most Americans only speak English: While it is true that more and more Americans speak Spanish, most Americans only speak English. Don´t expect them to understand your native language.

大多数美国人只说英语:此时越来越多的美国人能说西班牙语是事实,可是大多数的美国人只说英语,因而别指望他们能听懂你得母语。

* Americans have difficulties understanding foreign accents: Many Americans are not used to foreign accents. This requires patience from both of you!

美国人理解外国口音有困难:许多美国人不习惯外国口音,因而你们交谈双方都须要有耐心。

Conversation Tips

交谈沟通秘籍

* Speak about location: Americans love to talk about location. When speaking to a stranger, ask them where they are from and then *ke a connection with that place. For example: "Oh, I have a friend who stu*d in Los Angeles. He says it´s a beautiful place to live." Most Americans will then willingly talk about their experiences living or visiting that particular city or area.

谈论地点:美国人喜欢谈论地点。与陌生人说话的时候,能够问问他们从哪里来以后找到本人跟那个地方的联系。例如能够说:“啊,我有个朋友在洛杉矶学习,他说那地方很漂亮。”这时大多数美国人就会很愿意谈起他们居住或到过那个特殊的地方或区域的经历。

* Talk about work: Americans commonly ask "What do you do?". It´s not considered impolite (as in some countries) and is a popular topic of discussion between strangers.

谈论工作:美国人通常会问“What do you do?”在某些国家会被认为这是不礼貌的,可美国不是的,这只是陌生人之间聊天的一个流行话题。

* Talk about sports: Americans love sports! However, they love American sports. When speaking about football, most Americans understand "American Football", not soccer.

谈论运动:美国人超爱运动!不过,他们喜欢美国的运动。假如说到football,大多数美国人会理解成橄榄球而不是足球。

* Be careful when expressing ideas about race, religion or other sensitive topics: The United States is a multi-cultural society. Especially in the last few years, Americans are trying very hard to be sensitive to other cultures and ideas. Talking about sensitive topics like religion or beliefs, is often avoided in order to be sure not to offend someone of a different belief system. This is often referred to as being "politically correct".

说到种族、宗教或其余敏感话题要小心:美国是一个多文化的社会。特别是近几年,美国人对其余文化与观点特别特别的敏感。像宗教或信仰之类的敏感话题通常都不会在谈话中提及,以免冒犯别人。这是经常被提到的“政治正确”。

Addressing People

称呼

* Use last names with people you do not know: Address people using their title (Mr, Ms, Dr) and their last names.

对不认识的人要称呼他们的姓:用他们的头衔(先生、女士、博士等)加上他们的姓。

* Always use "Ms" when addressing women: It is important to use "Ms" when addressing a wo*n. Only use "Mrs" when the wo*n has asked you to do so!

称呼女性的时候用“Ms”,这很重要。假如对方要求你称呼“Mrs” 那再照办好了。

* Many Americans prefer first names: Americans often prefer using first names, even when dealing with people in very different positions. Americans will generally say, "Call me Tom." and then expect you to re*in on a first name basis.

许多人喜欢被叫名字:美国人通常喜欢用他们的名字,即使是与身份特别不一样的人打交道。他们通常会说,“叫我Tom”,以后真的希冀你用他们的名字来称呼他们(不是客气的哦)。

* Americans prefer infor*l: In general, Americans prefer infor*l greetings and using first names or nicknames when speaking with colleagues and acquaintances.

美国人不拘小节:通常状况下,美国人喜欢非正式的问候,提到他们的同事或使用名字或熟人的时候喜欢用昵称。

Public Behavior

注意公共场合的行为

* Always shake hands: Americans shake hands when greeting each other. This is true for both men and women. Other forms of greeting such as kissing on the cheeks, etc., is generally not appreciated.

常握手:美国人相互致意的时候喜欢握手,这是男女通用的。其余的例如亲吻脸颊之类的方法是特别不推荐的。

* Look your partner in the eye: Americans look each other in the eyes when they are speaking as a way of showing that they are sincere.

看对方的眼睛:美国人想要表达关注的时候会在说话的时候看着对方的眼睛。

* Don´t hold hands: Same * friends do not usually hold hands or put their arms around each other in public in the United States.

别拉手:在美国,同性朋友们在公共场合不太会手拉手或挽住对方的胳膊。

* Smoking is Out!! Smoking, even in public places, is strongly disapproved of by most Americans in the modern United States.

吸烟很老土!! 在当代的美国,吸烟,尤其是在公共场合吸烟,是特别不被大众接受的行为。

之上是托福频道为大伙整理的雅思口语之与美国人交谈须要知道的事,希冀对大伙有帮助,更多资讯、资料请访问托福口语频道 /kouyu/

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