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托福口语用词指导之fairly和rather的比较

来源:网络 2020-02-14 15:32:12

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这两个词都有“相当”、“适中”的意思,可fairly首要用于修饰褒义的形容词与副词(如bravely,good,nice,well等)而rather首要修饰贬义的形容词与副词(如bad,stupidly,ugly等):

Tom is fairly clever,but Peter is rather stupid.

汤姆相当聪明,而彼得就颇笨。

I walk fairly fast but Ann walks rather slowly.

我走得相当快,而安就走得相当慢。

两者都能够与分词连用:

He was fairly relaxed;she was rather tense.

他很放松,而她就相当紧张。

a fairly interesting film一部相当有意思的电影

a rather boring book一本相当乏味的书

不定冠词务必放在fairly之前,可可放在rather之前或以后:

a fairly light box一个相当轻的盒子

a rather heavy box/rather a heavy box

一个相当重的盒子一部分本身没有褒贬意义的形容词与副词如fast,slow,thin,thick,hot,cold等,之前加上fairly时表示赞许而加上rather时表示不赞许。This soup is fairly hot(这汤还挺热)这意味说话人喜欢喝热汤。而This soup is rather hot(这汤太热了)就意味着说话人嫌汤太热了点。

rather可用在alike,like,similar,different等词及比较级之前,这时它的含义是“少许”或“略微”:

Siamese cats are rather like dogs in some ways.

暹罗猫在某些方面长得有点儿像狗。

The weather was rather worse than I had expected

天气要比我预料的还坏。

rather a能够与一部分名词连用,如disappiontment,disadvan-tage,nuisance,pity,shame及joke:

It’s rather a nuisance that we can’t park here.

真讨厌,大伙不能在这里停车。(有点不方便)

It’s rather a shame that he has to work on Sundays.

真讨厌,他连星期天也得去上班。(有点不公平)

fairly则不能这一个样子用。

rather能够用在某些褒义的形容词与副词之前,如amusing,clever,good,pretty,well等,可其含义变了。这时它几乎相当于very之意,没有贬义,如She is rather clever(她很聪明)。

这句含义相当于She is very clever。rather这一个样子用时显然具有比fairly更深的褒义,如It is a fairly good play(这一个戏还算能够)。这一说*起到劝阻旁人去看戏的作用。可假如说It israther a good play(这一个戏很好)则无疑是一种推荐。有时rather这一个样子用时含有“惊讶”之意:

—I suppose the house was filthy.

—No,as a *tter of fact it was rather clean.

—我想屋子一定很脏。

—不,它实际上却很干净。

rather也可用在enjoy与like这两个词前,有时还可用在dis-like与object这一类动词之前:

I rather like the *ell of petrol.

我倒很喜欢汽油味儿。

He rather enjoys queueing.

他却很喜欢排队。

rather还能够用来对由之上动词构成的问句作简单回答:

—Do you like him?

—Yes,I do,rather.

—你喜欢他吗?

—是的,我倒相当喜欢他。

之上是托福频道为大伙整理的托福口语用词指导之fairly与rather的比较,希冀对大伙有帮助,更多资讯、资料请访问托福口语频道 /kouyu/

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