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雅思阅读技巧:“段落标题”的趋势阅读法

来源:网络 2020-08-01 10:33:13

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有的时候,选项标题不是关于段落的概括,而是关于段落中某处细节的概括。在这样的状况下,题目就会变得很难。做题方法依然不变。这样的题目一开始肯定无从选择,因而放在很后用排出法做,结果发现选项中没有一个标题能涵盖段意。到此为止,除去通读全段别无他法。自然通读也应得法。在这儿顺便讲一种方法,我称之为主题趋势阅读法,此法首要用于段落中大量细节的扫读,省时省力。在阅读中碰到长句时,不能从左到右,依次逐字读之,而先是要查找句子的主题。主题通常为详细名词,出此时主语与宾语的位置上。以后查看主题的趋向,通常是作者对主题的态度,有褒贬之分,因而首要看句内的形容词与动词。掌握这两点,其实句子的意思就已经掌握。以后依次类推,读完段内全部句子。请再看一实例:

(剑6,p26 /d)life for the descendants of the thule people is still harsh. nunavut is 1.9 million square kilometers of rock and ice, and a handful of islands around the north pole. it’s currently home to 2500 people, all but a handful of them indigenous inuit. over the past 40 years, most have abandoned their nomadic ways and settled in the territory’s 28 isolated communities, but they still rely heavily on nature to provide food and clothing. provisions available in local shops have to be flown into nunavut on one of the most costly air networks in the world, or brought by supply ship during the few ice-free weeks of summer. it would cost a family around 7,000 pounds a year to replace meat they obtained themselves through hunting with imported meat. economic opportunities are scarce, and for many people state benefits are their only income.

让大伙一句句看。首句主题是本地人的生活,趋势是艰苦的(harsh);接下来几句主题是本地人乃至周边的地理(从rock, ice, islands等词可知)。从provisions一句起至段末,文章一直在谈给养与粮食的疑问(有provision, supply ship, meat等词明示)。读完段落,再看选项。大伙发现只有iii alternative sources of essential supplies一项有可能性很大,因为其中的essential supplies与段落很后一部分关于给养的主题吻合。验证一下,看alternative能否在文中找到替换。就从provisions开始往下找,发现replace与alternative在上下文中表达的是一个意思,于是锁定答案。

笔者写这篇文章的目的与其说是为了探讨段落标题题,不如说是提醒考生读文章的重要性。总而言之,考生在打算考试时,切不可只顾做题,而忽视了阅读本领的训练。就拿剑桥这几本书来讲,要考,上面的文章务必逐一精读。

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