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雅思阅读中的几种省略现象

来源:网络 2020-05-23 09:37:19

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为了避免重复,使语言简练紧凑,在不损害句子结构或引起误解的状况下,往往省略一个或多个句子成分或词语。

I.简单句中的省略The meeting(being)over,we all left the room.

Tools(having been)carried,we went on our way to the fields.

从句中的省略

(1)宾语从句中的省略:

1)以“which/where/when/how/why”等引起的宾语从句,在其谓语动词与主句谓语动词相同一时间,其后的主语与谓语可全部省略,而仅保留一个"wh-"词。

She can’t come,but 1 wonder why(she can’t come).

He will be back,I don’t know when(he will be back).

2)在“I’m afraid,I believe,I expect,I fancy,I fear,I hope,I imagine,I should,I should say,I suppose,I think,I trust”以后的"not"等于一个否定的"that"从句,“so”等于一个肯定的"that"从句。

“Is he sick”一“I am afraid so.”(=I am afraid that he is sick.)

(2)定语从句中的省略:

定语从句中能够省略作宾语的关系代词that。在非正式文体中,关系副词“when/why也能够省略,关系代词后面的主谓结构有时也能够省略。

I shall never forget the day (when) we first met,

He gave the same answer as (he had given)before.

I like the place for the very reason(why)you dislike it.

(3)状语从句中的省略:

1)在时间、地点、让步、方法、条件状语从句中,假如从句的主语与主句的主语一致,或从句的主语是“it” ,则从句中的动词“be”及其主语能够省略。

Any progress,however *all (it may be),is important.

Change the form of the verbs where(it is)possible/necessary.

His opinion,whether(it is)fight or wrong,would be considered.

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