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雅思口语词汇:中国独特概念词

来源:网络 2020-05-22 09:29:58

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1、我国意念词(Chinesenesses)

八卦 trigram

阴、阳 yin, yang

道 Dao(cf. logo)

江湖(全世界) the jianghu World (the traits´ world)

e.g. You can´t control everything in a traits´ world. (人在江湖,身不由己)

道 Daoi*(Taoi*)

上火 excessive internal heat

儒学 Confuciani*

红学(《红楼梦》研究) redology

世外桃源 Shangri-la or Arcadia

开放 kaifang (Chinese openness to the outside world)

大锅饭 getting an equal share regardless of the work done

伤痕文学 scar literature or the literature of the wounded

不搞一刀切 no imposing uniformity on...

合乎国情,顺乎民意 to conform with the national conditions and the will of the people

乱摊派,乱收费 imposition of arbitrary quotas and service charge

铁交椅 iron (lifetime) post´s; guaranteed leading post

脱贫 to shake off poverty; anti-poverty

治则兴,乱则衰 Order leads to prosperity and chaos to decline

2 、中华民族的喜庆节日(Chinese Festivial)

国庆节 National Day

中秋节 Mia-Autumn Festival

春节 Spring Festival

元宵节 Lantern Festival

儿童节 Children´s Day

端午节 Dragon Boat Festival

妇女节 Women´s Day

泼水节 Water-Splashing Day

教师节 Teachers´ Day

五四青年节 Youth Day

3、我国独特的传统饮食(Unique Traditional Chinese Foods)

馄饨 wonton

锅贴 guotie (fried jiaozi)

花卷 steamed twisted rolls

套餐 set meal

盒饭 box lunch; Chinese take-away

米豆腐 rice tofu

魔芋豆腐 konjak tofu

米粉 rice noodles

冰糖葫芦 a stick of sugar-coated haws (or apples, etc.)

火锅 chafing dish

八宝饭 eight-treasure rice pudding

粉丝 glass noodles

豆腐脑 jellied bean curd

4 、我国新兴事物(Newly Sprouted Things)

我国电信 China Telecom

我国移动 China Mobile

十五计划 the 10th Five-Year Plan

我国电脑联网 Chinanet

三峡工程 the Three Gorges Project

希冀工程 Project Hope

京九铁路 Beijing CKowloon Railway

扶贫工程 Anti-Poverty Project

菜篮子工程 Vegetable Basket Project

温饱工程 Decent-Life Project

安居工程 Economy Housing Project

扫黄 Porn-Purging Campaign

西部大开发 Go-West Campaign

5 、特有得一部分汉语词汇

禅宗 Zen Buddhi*

禅 dhyana; dhgaya

混沌 chaos

道 Daosim, the way and its power

四谛 Four Noble Truth

八正道 Eightfold Path

无常 anity

五行说 Theory of Five Elements

无我 anat*n

坐禅 metta or transcendental meditation

空 sunyata

虚无 nothingness

双喜 double happiness(中), a doubled stroke of luck(英)

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