首页/GMAT/正文

GMAT语法考试必备知识点

来源:网络 2020-07-29 13:28:28

免费留学咨询表

Although it was once funded entirely by the government, the Victoria and Albert Museum was one of the first of Britain’s national museums seeking support from corporations and private donors and to increase income by increasing attendance.

(A) one of the first of Britain’s national museums seeking support from

(B) one of Britain’s first national museums seeking support of

(C) among Britain’s first national museums to seek support of

(D) among the first of Britain’s national museums to seek support from(D)

(E) among Britain’s first national museums that have sought the support of

我的问题

the first of Britain’s national museums

Britain’s first national museums

请问以上2句的区别是什么?是部分和整体强调的区别吗?

PumpkinMM的解释:

1. the first of Britain’s national museums 英国的第一批国家博物馆(肯定没有"世界第一的意思")

2. Britain’s first national museums 英国的, 第一批的, 国家博物馆 (有歧义: 两种理解: 英国的第一批国家博物馆, 英国的,第一批,国家博物馆) 因为这里Britain´ 和first都修饰national museums.

付: mindfree 语法笔记:

a sizeable wolf population有歧义, 可能是大型的狼, 也可能是大群的狼!

Tianwan的解释

C, "fist´ modifies "museums" and "to seek.." modifies museums, while D, "museums" modifies "the first", "to seek..." modifies "the first".

To be discussed....

来自Marizhu

Many women who might otherwise choose teaching as a career in the past are now going into business government and industry areas where there are opportunities not previously available to them.

A) who might otherwise choose teaching as a career in the past

B) who otherwise might once choose teaching as a career

C) who might once have chosen teaching as a career

D) who, in the past, might otherwise once have chosen teaching as a career

E) who, as a career, might have chosen teaching in the past

Bryony的解释

OG188. As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.

(A) that might at one time have died as children

(B) who might once have died in childhood

(C) that as children might once have died

(D) who in childhood might have at one time died

(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died

B, the best choice, uses the preferred relative pronoun, who, to refer to many people. It observes formal and logical parallelism in the wording of the relative clause and the main clause: first, adverbs (once and now)´, second, verbs (might have died and live); and third, adverbial prepositional phrases (in childhood and into old age). A and C use the questionable relative pronoun that to refer to many people. They also violate the parallel structure noted above. D and E, although they use the correct pronoun, who, offer convoluted and nonparallel structures for the relative clause

原因状语的顺序:

Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.

(A) Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits caused by the desire to be as thin as possible.

(B) Good eating habits sometimes fail to be maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts caused by desiring to be as thin as possible.

(C) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, good eating habits are sometimes not maintained by young female ballet dancers and gymnasts.

(D) Because they desire to be as thin as possible, young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits. (D)

(E) Young female ballet dancers and gymnasts sometimes fail to maintain good eating habits because they desire to be as thin as possible.

告诉你,先原因,后结果,表达的意思清晰明确

weiyu的解释:

睡了一晚上。想出点ETS的思路供大家来批。

I do not think A, because B... ETS要我们翻译成认为A不是因为B;即逻辑中的A->~B, 是个逆否命题,强调结论。

上句话也可以是:B->~A就是原命题的逻辑;

所以当原因状语主从句表达否定意思时,because在后是逆否命题,强调结果。because在前是原命题,强调原因。

但是表示肯定意思时,就不大清楚了。因为英语文的意思是一样的。

Tianwan的解释:

I do not think A, because B 的意思只有:因为B,所以不认为A(I don´t think A and the reason is B)

I do not think A because B的意思可能是:因为B,所以不认为A (I don´t think A and the reason is B)or 不是因为B才认为A(I think A and the reason is not B),一般取后者。

逗号很关键,没有逗号会引起歧义,书面语中一般取后者,口语中根据重音决定。

结论:because的优选结构是because A, B和B, because A; 不用B because A(强调歧意)

Jnlvo的解释:

不愧为逻辑区的版主。我感觉这么说是有些道理,不过最好还有更多的例子来说明佐证,否则还是有点抽象。

这题我没想到这么深,选的依据主要是选最常见的,最不可能产生歧义的选项。就如doing sth. ,sb+谓语和sb.,doing sth,谓语,如果其它看不出什么不同,只是doing的位置不同,我就选前者,因为这最常用,最不容易错。

Dreadpower的解释

讨论这个题目之前。我一直是这么认为的,ETS要求一定的逻辑表述,先发生的,先决的要先写,记得OG中有道两个分词在句首并列的那题提到过这点所以,我觉得在D,E都可的情况下,选D比较规范化。

以上对GMAT语法考试中的常见备考要点进行了较为详细的阐述,考生不妨以此为鉴,通过反复练习逐步掌握其在GAMT语法考试中的使用规律,从而在GMAT语法考试中发挥出更好的水平。

免费留学咨询申请表 (免费推荐留学中介/审核留学方案/获取权威留学资料等)

 

为了更好的为您服务,请补全方案信息

确定